The species was apparently growing in Amsterdam’s medicinal gardens in 1700 (Miller, 1996), and recent research provides evidence that P. zonale may possess haemostatic and astringent properties (Paez and Hernandez, 2003; PFAF, 2014). > 0°C, dry winters), Species introduced for use as an ornamental and grown in botanical gardens in Europe, Species is a parent of many ornamental hybrids today, Species known to have escaped from cultivation. London, UK: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman, 351 pp. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. The genus name Pelargonium derives from the Greek word ‘pelargos’, meaning ‘stork’, in reference to the beak-like shape of the fruit, which has also resulted in the genus being called the ‘stork’s bill’ genus (Stearn, 1992). San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico, 382 pp. In the USA, P. zonale has been present in cultivation since at least the time of Thomas Jefferson’s presidency (1801-1809), as he had the plant growing at both the White House and his home in Virginia, Monticello (Loewer, 2004). Homonyms Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. In cultivation, Pelargonium species can be grown in borders or containers, can tolerate soils with pH ranging from neutral to alkaline, and prefer well-drained, dry or moist, light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils (PFAF, 2014). It gradually reached the islands of the Caribbean, and in the 17th century it was already known in North America. Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (IPCN), Tropicos website. Half opening umbel of a Pelargonium zonale, This article is about a wild species found in southern Africa. Its stems are succulent, hairy when young and becoming woody with age. [English title not available]. Randall RP, 2012. Pelargonium amoenum hort. In the wild it is found in from the Eastern to Western Cape Province. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Leaves orbicular, crenate, often with a characteristic, dark, brownish-purple, horseshoe-shaped mark. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. Gametophytic count = 9,15; sporophytic count= 15, 24 (IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014). Pelargoniums, commonly known as geraniums, are a large group of mostly evergreen and tender perennials used as bedding or houseplants. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The South African geranium ( Pelargonium sidoides ), also known as the black geranium or Cape pelargonium, is an herb long used in South African traditional medicine. FloraBase - the Western Australian Flora., Australia: Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia. TO S C A N A ® Zonale. P. zonale has been intentionally introduced by man beyond its native South African range to various parts of the world primarily for cultivation as an ornamental plant. P. zonale usually does best in full sun and is sensitive to shade, but cultivar hybrids of P. zonale may tolerate some shade (PFAF, 2014; Royal Horticultural Society, 2014). Bolivia Checklist, 2014. For cultivated plants known as "zonal pelargoniums" or "zonal geraniums", see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium_zonale&oldid=989160035, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:32. Перейти до навігації Перейти до пошуку Online Database. Pelargonium zonale is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Pa´ez X; Herna´ndez L, 2003. Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. It was first cultivated in England by the Duchess of Beaufort between 1706 and 1710 (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996). Leaves are reniform and petiolate with an average diameter of 5 to 8 cm.[2]. Usually grows up to 1 m (40 in) but can reach heights of 3 m, often found scrambling through bushes or cascading off cliffs. Nat, 10:231-304. http://tropicos.org/Project/CV. The species remained popular throughout eighteenth century Europe, and in 1801 Rembrandt portrayed his botanist brother Rubens holding a large geranium in a terracotta pot. In temperate climate zones, plants are set out in gardens in the spring, then can be dug prior to the first freeze and brought indoors to overwinter; they can be re-planted in the spring. Classic Noblesse. Cultivars have also been developed from P. zonale which are likewise widespread in cultivation. Presumably after 1700 the species was accidentally introduced to the wild in Spain and France where it was being grown as an ornamental, and it has since become established in parts of both countries (DAISIE, 2014). http://www.itis.gov. Pelargonium zonale Fertilization & Substrate Important to keep EC levels of the growing media in the range of 1.5 –2.0. Jump to navigation Jump to search. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July. The species was not included in Macfadyen’s work on Jamaica (1837), Bello’s work on Puerto Rico (1881; 1883), or Britton and Millspaugh’s Bahama Flora (1920). Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Other articles where Pelargonium zonale is discussed: geranium: inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45:1-590. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), USFS Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/FE/fe.html, Royal Horticultural Society, 2014. The hard-coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the seed coat is compromised. In Italy it was accidentally introduced through live “food trade, animals and plants used for ornamental purposes in parks, gardening, bonsai, etc.”, but reportedly did not become an established introduction in the country (DAISIE, 2014). Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. Papers overview. Wallingford, UK: CABI, DAISIE, 2014. In: Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45 1-590. From shop … Pelargonium zonale. Young branches almost succulent and usually covered with hairs, harden with age. Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used as ground covers in warm areas. 382 pp. They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Increase the N:K relation to 1: 1,5 after 4 weeks to improve the A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. Despite a murky beginning in early 20th century herbal promotions, there appears to be some evidence for efficacy in treating bronchitis due to Pelargonium's direct antibiotic effect and host immune stimulation. Common name(s): Zonal Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Africa More infos: Zonal Geraniums are available in many varieties. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or "zonal pelargonium".[2]. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Свернуть. Other uses of the herb: An essential oil is obtained from the plant. 2015. Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics. Pelargonium zonale National Institutes of Health Create Alert. Members of the Pelargonium genus can disperse their small seeds by wind, water, and soil. Liogier HA; Martorell LF, 2000. However, many Pelargonium hybrids have resulted from breeding programmes involving P. zonale, and some of these are now known to be weedy or invasive. Common names Geranio rosado in language. The attachment on the seeds of P. capitatum, for example, reportedly will essentially drill and secure the seed into soil if twisted by the wind or affected by movement of animals, and this species is considered one of the most widespread and naturally invasive of coastal weeds in the Perth region of Australia (Dixon, 2011; Western Australian Herbarium, 2014). Walt JJAvan der, 1977. Research is lacking on P. zonale’s potential invasiveness in its native South Africa and throughout the Tropics in order to better gauge the risk of introduction and spread of the species, especially in light of the mounting evidence of its medicinal value as a haemostatic agent and given its history as a cultivated ornamental species. Stearns dictionary of plant names for gardeners: A handbok on the origin and meaning of the botanical names of some cultivated plants. This feature is not available right now. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. P. zonale is native to South Africa but is a common ornamental flowering plant in various parts of the world today. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13. http://www.hear.org/books/apineh1992/, USDA-ARS, 2014. flowers-23402 - pelargonium zonale vintage printable illustration digital download picture image public domain book page plate high resolut ArtsCult. Britton NL; Millspaugh CF, 1920. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Edible parts of Pelargonium zonale: Leaves and stems - cooked as a vegetable. Kew. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Today the species is an introduced cultivated plant in Puerto Rico and is known to sometimes escape, usually in the mountains (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; ITIS, 2014).P. Flora of Pakistan, 2014. In its native South Africa, P. zonale is common in coastal areas, and grows naturally in valleys and ravines, on forest margins, cliffsides and rocky outcrops with scrub vegetation (Walt, 1977; SANBI, 2014). Registered herbal medicines containing pelargonium are used today to relieve symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections such as the common cold based on traditional use only. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Liogier HA, Martorell LF, 2000. Genus Pelargonium can be perennials, sub-shrubs or shrubs, sometimes succulent and mostly evergreen, with palmately lobed or pinnately divided leaves and clusters of slightly irregular, 5-petalled flowers . ex F.G.Dietr. The Distribution Table does not cover all places where it is cultivated, as it is not listed in the floras of some countries where it is present in cultivation. The species is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as “garden thug, naturalised, weed” (Randall, 2012), is known to escape from cultivation (Liogier and Martorell, 2000), and some of its hybrids are known to be weedy or invasive, but it does not appear to be a Pelargonium species with high risk of introduction based on current evidence. From Wikispecies. It has not yet demonstrated lasting negative environmental impacts to non-native ecosystems, but considering the severe invasiveness of other genus members, monitoring may be necessary in the future. The species name zonale is derived from the Latin word ‘zona’, meaning ‘banded’ or ‘with a girdle’, referring to the horseshoe marking found on its leaves (Stearn, 1992; Miller,1996; SANBI, 2014). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Resembling miniature rosebuds, they bloom from summer to frost. The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in… European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Classic Diabolo. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 43(3):291-295. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Brocade. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Within a few years, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular. – rodzaj bylin lub półkrzewów z rodziny bodziszkowatych.Liczy około 200 –250 gatunków roślin pochodzących głównie z Afryki Południowej (występuje tam 125 gatunków tego rodzaju). The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Hort. There has been much confusion in the literature surrounding the genera of Pelargonium and Geranium. http://tropicos.org/Project/IPCN, ITIS, 2014. Pelargonium zonale is an easy plant to grow, and does best in gardens where frost is not too severe. Prestoe H, 1870. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. London, UK: Cassell. P. zonale is a flowering plant native to South Africa that has been cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. In Sardinia and Sicily, the species was also accidentally introduced but likewise has not become established (DAISIE, 2014). Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Erect, softly woody shrub or subshrub. Pelargoniums are easy to grow and are often etched into the memory of those who grew them as children simply from cuttings or ‘slips’ as our grandparents used to call them. Propagation of Pelargonium zonale: Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. Some even have scented leaves. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. Pelargonium zonale. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, CABI, Undated. The flora of Jamaica: A description of the plants of that island. 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