risk management through the country. v 2123 00 e002 department of environment affairs directorate of water affairs division of planning services mfolozi floodplain: ecological investigation: first report: mfolozi vtvba7vba river view sond deposit march 1984 With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and … This caused very high rainfall over a few days and the run-off down the Pongola River was of such proportions that at the peak of the hydrograph it had far exceeded the regional maximum flood (R M F) calculated value. 90 ..... Due to flooding and possible contamination of water supplies, malaria and other viruses may be... Read more. Domoina. Know something about this topic? The Natal floods of September 1987, where 327 people were killed, were proclaimed as one of the worst natural disasters to hit South Africa. The Buffalo River breached its banks and the bridge across the river at Ingogo was swamped by swirling floodwaters. flood) much more severe than we have experienced in our recent history. The heavy rainfall saw some of the rivers in Swaziland rise 30 m (98 ft) in a few hours! Quite a difference to the 700mm which fell in one day with Domoina! But whilst dam levels at the end of the storm remained much the same (37.9% at 20 Feb 2017 – current levels on this link), days of soaking rain meant that the bush grew thick, the grass long and there was plenty to eat for the wild game at Royal Jozini and the cattle of the local farmers. Swaziland Floods Feb 1984 UNDRO Informtion Report 1 Format Situation Report Source. Pongolapoort (Jozini) Dam absorbs Domoina floods @inproceedings{Legge1984PongolapoortD, title={Pongolapoort (Jozini) Dam absorbs Domoina floods}, author={W W Legge}, year={1984} } Documentation of the 1984 Domoina floods. Cyclone Domoina developed on 16 January 1984 along the northeastern coast of Mozambique and struck the African continent on 27 January. [2] The shorter-term (e.g., 2 days) heavy orographic precipitation is characterized by large VH ∙∇h which is composed by two common ingredients, namely a strong low-level wind Those events were in some cases so extreme that entire species were wiped out (such as the dinosaurs). September 1987 floods Between 28 and 30 September 1987, the central and southern part of Natal were ravaged by floods that were amongst the most devastating to have occurred in South Africa. Graham Hancock’s t eory was published as popular non-fiction. Gigantic tsunamis swept in devastation over coastal 1 "Fingerprints of t he Gods" - Graham Hancock. Large floods are fairly common (24 in 43 years). 109. The floods washed out or damaged over 100 bridges, and two railway lines were cut. [Z P Kovacs; South Africa. At the end of January the cyclone Domoina came inland over Mocambique and Swaziland and thence over the Eastern Transvaal and Natal regions of South Africa. Now in 2019, the organic debris has been surpassed by enormous volumes of plastic waste. The heavy rainfall saw some of the rivers in Swaziland rise 30 m (98 ft) in a few hours! With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and … This caused very high rainfall over a few days and the run-off down the Pongola River was of such proportions that at the peak of the hydrograph it had far exceeded the regional maximum flood (R M F) calculated value. This article documents the events that took place on January 30 and 31, 1984, when a tropical cyclone - "Domoina" - tore through southern Mozambique, northeastern South Africa and Swaziland, leaving a trail of destruction in its wake. Demoina and the Umfolozi floodplain The flood on the Umfolozi River, which resulted from tropical cyclone Demoina on 31 January and 1 February 1984, is the largest in living memory. As far as the author is aware, Graham Hancock is not a recognised scientist, nor has his Mpumalanga and Kwa Zulu were hit hard and declared disaster zones, with even more people dead and the land devastated. The floods washed out or damaged over 100 bridges, and two railway lines were cut. It is quite usual to have floods in a certain region while the other part of the country is facing serious droughts. The flood originated from cyclone Domoina” is the biggest flood recorded until now in the“ Umbeluzi basin. | Floods ravage sugar areas / Umfolozi reels under impact of ‘Cyclone Demoina’ / Ministers see vast toll of flood damage / Flood causes ruin and big cane losses / Pongola - a scene of Anonymous, | 1984. It was caused by intense rainfall in Swaziland and Mozambique in the end of The floods of Cyclone Domoina in 1984 were devastating and the damage was enormous, but comparisons of photos from Cyclone Domoina and photos of the recent floods showed a stark difference: in 1984 mud and organic debris washed down the rivers in enormous quantities. The floods closed at least 20 major roads and the country’s primary airport and most schools nationwide. Eswatini. Terrific floods rampaged and earthquakes abounded as the crust settled into its new position. Corpus ID: 188249759. 1. Sabinet African Journals - reliable research that offers more than 500 African journals, including the African Journal Archive. The storm’s high winds knocked down trees and power lines, with resultant power outages, with the overall damage estimated at US$54 million – and sadly, 73 people were killed. At the end of 1983, the Pongolapoort Dam (fondly known as Jozini Dam) was at 13% of its capacity and generally thought of as a bit of a “white elephant” and the Pongola River ambled through the countryside in a bare trickle during this very dry period. 1 Jan 1985 … of the few floodplains that exist in South Africa. AVs Swollen river and flooded area nearby (3 shots) 0.14 2. Major tropical cyclones affecting the coast of Mozambique, 1984-2000 Year Name People affected People Killed 1984 Domoina 350,000 109 Cyc. In two years, the Pongolapoort Dam, which can hold a total of 2267 million cubic meters of water, shrank from being virtually full, to about 36 %. The biggest floods recorded recently were in 2000, when weeks of heavy rain exacerbated by tropical cyclone Eline caused the death of 700 people and affecting 2 million people. The St. Lucia catchment was subjected to two devastating floods in the last ten years: Cyclone Domoina during February 1984 and the September 1987 cutoff low flood. oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - The Mfolozi flood of 31 January 1984 Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland. ;] 43. The Amcor Dam road (Umfolozi Street) underwater – 2017. On January 21, Domoina struck eastern Madagascar, the third storm in six weeks to … Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Meet us at the Outdoor Adventure Travel Show! Thousands of livestock died during the storm and thousands of acres of croplands were flooded – with the crop damage estimated at US$2.5million. The effects of the Domoina floods and releases … – DWA Home Page. Title: Documentation Of The February-march 1988 Floods In The Orange River Basin. Businesses affected by the floods On January 21, Domoina struck eastern Madagascar, the third storm in six weeks to … Some areas of the Upper South Coast received as much as 900mm of rain in four days. Although the floods of Domoina in 1984 were even more devastating when you compare photographs taken during that very traumatic time, there is a stark difference. For Reservations The threat of cyclones along our east coast is always with us and should obviously not be ignored in the design of important structures. Cyclone Hudah Contact us for a bush break in this very special little part of Africa. Department of Water Affairs. Hi all, I am busy writing the history of the NSRI and one of the chapters is on Cyclone Demoinia/Domonia (depending on how you spell it). Table 1: Major tropical cyclones in Mozambique. Thankfully, Pongolapoort Dam could contain this downpour and filled to 87% in a matter of days, saving the Makatini Flats and Maputo from even worse flooding than they already experienced. We are about 6 hours’ drive from Johannesburg, about 5 hours from Durban, and we are on the main route from Kruger Park to Kwa-Zulu Natal. Assessment has been based on aerial and ground observations, litter studies in an Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Ice ages, for example, are said to have frozen great mammoths and sable-tooth tigers "in their tracks" in places like Siberia. For more information on COVID-19, visit www.sacoronavirus.co.za, Lynda 0 comments News & Tips, News And Events. (+27) (0) 11 7042911 The main cause was an intense "cut-off" low pressure system off-shore which co-incided with a Spring high tide. Trooppinen myrsky Domoina oli eteläiseen Afrikkaan tammikuussa 1984 iskenyt sykloni, joka aiheutti alueen historian yhden pahimmista tulvista. On January 21, Domoina struck eastern Madagascar, the third storm in six weeks to … confidential report no. Research in progress at the time made it possible to assess some of the effects of these cyclones on the mangrove communities of the St Lucia Estuary. ... 8th May » The Soviet Union announces that it will 1984 Summer Olympics boycott known as boycott the 1984 … The fourth named storm of the season, Domoina developed on January 16 off the northeast coast of Madagascar. The flood on the Umfolozi River, which resulted from tropical cyclone Demoina on 31 January and 1 February 1984, is the largest in living memory. The storm moved south and for the following five days torrential rain fell over Mozambique, northern KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Swaziland, reaching as far south as Durban. The Mfolozi flood of 31 January 1984, Page 1 of 1. 1984 directorate of water affairs division services cyclones keywords . Contribute. Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland. devastating flood in 1984, caused by the cyclone “Domoina”. WFP Eswatini Country Brief, October 2020 Format 70mm over three days was measured in southern Swaziland, which just got the weakest, southernmost touch of the storm as it passed over. Trooppinen myrsky Domoina oli eteläiseen Afrikkaan tammikuussa 1984 iskenyt sykloni, joka aiheutti alueen historian yhden pahimmista tulvista. 28. tammikuuta se rantautui Intian valtamereltä Mosambikiin, josta se siirtyi etelämmäksi.. Lähteet Now in 2019, the organic debris has been surpassed by enormous volumes of plastic waste. Fast forward to 2015 and 2016 and along with South Africa, Swaziland was in the grip of a terrible drought. A case study of TC Domoina (1984) indicates that the long-lasting heavy rainfall was induced by the strong orographic blocking of Madagascar. Domoina – 1984. Farm lands and roads were destroyed – 1984. Royal Jozini Private Game Reserve is situated in the south east of eSwatini (Swaziland) in a low-risk Malaria area just 9kms from the Golela border post near Pongola. Buffalo River, 1984 – water covers kilometres of roadway. Tropical Cyclones often result in floods. AV Bridge destroyed by flood waters Cyclone Domoina - debris left upstream side of Usutu River. The fourth named storm of the season, Domoina developed on January 16 off the northeast coast of Madagascar. (=0.88-1.16) flow. After floods scoured out the estuary, marine sand advanced up the estuary at a rate of 1200 m/y as a series of flood-tidal deltas. Tropical Cyclones and Floods. It is the most comprehensive, searchable collection of full-text African electronic journals available on one platform. Although the floods of Domoina in 1984 were even more devastating when you compare photographs taken during that very traumatic time, there is a stark difference. | Floods ravage sugar areas / Umfolozi reels under impact of ‘Cyclone Demoina’ / Ministers see vast toll of flood damage / Flood causes ruin and big cane losses / Pongola - a scene of Trim Park – 2017. Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland.The fourth named storm of the season, Domoina developed on January 16 off the northeast coast of Madagascar.With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and later southwestward. Tropical Cyclone Demoina - 1984 Managing your Health and Avoiding Bugs as you Travel. Use the preview function to the left. The third of these storms, Tropical Storm Domoina, caused deadly flooding in southeastern Africa that killed 242 people and caused $199 million in damage. 43. We are just a couple of hours from Maputo, St. Lucia, Hluhluwe and Richards Bay. on the disastrous situation resulting from the Domoina Cyclone and the floods in Mozambique and Swaziland, Having also taken note of the statement made by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Cyclone Domoina - debris left upstream side of Usutu River. https://www.royaljozini.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Dineo-Feb-17-2017-1.mp4. | Natural disasters in South Africa In 1984, the debris that was washed down rivers was mainly organic – logs, weeds etc. Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland.The fourth named storm of the season, Domoina developed on January 16 off the northeast coast of Madagascar.With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and later southwestward. Anonymous, | 1984. The damage was comparable to that caused by Cyclone Domoina in 1984 and the KwaZulu-Natal floods of 1987. 10,000 citrus trees were destroyed and about 500 people were left homeless after many homes were damaged or destroyed. It’s also an hour by road from the new Sikhupe International Airport and about four hours’ drive from Durban’s King Shaka International Airport. South Africa. The cyclones Domoina and Imboa struck the St Lucia area in January/February 1984. 2. © Copyright 2011 Royal Jozini Private Game Reserve Swaziland. Research in progress at the time made it possible to assess some of the effects of these cyclones on the mangrove communities of the St Lucia Estuary. In hydrological terms, the event is classified as an extreme one approaching the maximum flood expected from the catchment. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. 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