It is a relatively “low-maintenance” vine that adapts well to a variety of climates, resulting in fairly high yields worldwide In Canada they are best grown in British Columbia and Ontario. It has a tight cylindrical cluster with small berries and some juice pigmentation. It is a large vine noted for large leaves and medium-sized clusters of conical shape sometimes having a shoulder. Léon Millot ripens early, and has high resistance against fungal diseases. Chardonnay grape is green-skinned and is believed to have originated in the Burgundy wine region of eastern France but is now grown all over the world wherever wine is produced. Nowadays I would say over half of all sales of Grape Vines for amateur use are of the seedless variety. Pinot Meunier , pronounced: [pi.no mø.nje] , also known as Meunier or SchwarzRiesling , is a variety of black wine grape most noted for being one of the three main varieties used in the production of champagne (the other two are the black variety Pinot noir and the white Chardonnay ). Gewürztraminer is a variety with a pink to red skin colour, which makes it a "white wine grape" as opposed to the blue to black-skinned varieties commonly referred to as "red wine grapes". It is now the most widely-grown red grape variety in Austria. Identifying Local Wines. ) is a black wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera . It is often used in blending, Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines , most notably in France and Australia . The grape found its way to the United States in the mid-19th century, and became known by variations of the name "Zinfandel", a name of uncertain origin. Niagara-on-the-Lake, according to the GGO’s (Grape Growers of Ontario) internal numbers over the last 5 years, has produced between 65-70% of the grapes in Ontario. The utility of this grape has been exploited to make sparkling wine by doing a “green harvest” when the fruit is still somewhat immature and acid levels remain high. Years ago of course no grapes sold in the shops were seedless and we were used to those annoying pips;. It is only recommended for planting in the best locations to reduce threat of cold temperature injury. It ripens in early October. My hubby and I are about to dive in and start gardening in with permaculture principles. The grape ripens early, when, in warmer climates, it acquires a pinkish hue .Since the grape has a thin skin, there is also a risk of sunburn in hotter climates; it is best suited to areas with sunny days and cool nights. Regent is a dark-skinned inter-specific hybrid grape variety, used for making wine. Chinese wisteria Wisteria chinensis RieslingAn aromatic white cultivar that was one of the first viniferas planted commercially in Ontario. Gamay is a purple-colored grape variety used to make red wines , most notably grown in Beaujolais and in the Loire Valley Its full name is Gamay Noir à Jus Blanc. Saxon Winery in Summerland grows the grape. Mourvèdre tends to produce tannic wines that can be high in alcohol. Wine grape variety descriptions have been provided by Kevin Ker, an internationally recognized specialist and educator in grape and tender fruit production, and integrated pest management (IPM). Oxley Estate Winery on The Lake Erie North Shore grows this garpe, Reichensteiner is a white wine grape that is mainly grown in Germany (349 hectares (860 acres) and England acres It is a cross between Müller-Thurgau and Madeleine Angevine x Calabreser Froehlich , and was first bred in Germany during 1939.In England, it is the 2nd most grown after Seyval Blanc. Dunkelfelder received varietal protection and was released for general cultivation in 1980. Stoney Ridge Cellars Ltd and Cave Springs in Ontario makes a very nice icewine. Sauvignon Blanc is widely cultivated in France, Chile, Canada, Australia , New Zealand, South Africa, Brazil, Moldova and California . Viognier ( French pronunciation: [vi? It has also been grown recently in the Okanagan , Lower Mainland , and Vancouver Island wine regions of British Columbia , the Annapolis Valley region of Nova Scotia and the Lanaudière and Brome-Missisquoi regions of Quebec. Depending on the site, Riesling can be moderately vigorous and benefits from training in the half bow or pendelbogen system to get vine fruitfulness. It is best known for its velvet feel on the tongue when made into wine. The fruit clusters are small and tight with round green berries. 8th Generation Confidence Frizzante style uses 50% Dornfelder along with Frontenac gris is a white wine version of Frontenac, introduced in 2003. Varieties Native North American varieties are known as Vitis labrusca. It produces large clusters with medium to large berries that attain a golden hue when ripe. Mourvèdre (also known as Mataró or Monastrell ) is a red wine variety that is grown in many regions around the world regions of France , the Valencia and Spain , California and Washington State and the Australian regions of South Australia and New South Wales . Its rare in Ontario. Soil, microclimate, geography – all play a key role in producing a good bottle of wine, as does the winemaking process itself. At least fourteen Sangiovese clones exist, of which Brunello is one of the best regarded. It can be fresh and fruity, but does not keep long. Pinch all other brunches. Seyval BlancThis cultivar is also known by its selection number of SV-5276 as bred by Bertille Seyve. Pinotage a red wine grape that is South Africa's signature variety. White wine producing hybrid cultivar technically known as GM318-57 created in 1957. It has a multitude of uses as a table wine, a late harvest wine and Icewine. Riesling wines are usually varietally pure and are seldom oaked . The growing conditions in NOTL are the most optimum for the Growing Degree Days (GDD) and the moderate winter temperatures, the two factors that impact red grape and most grape production. Syrah or Shiraz is a dark-skinned grape grown throughout the world and used primarily to produce powerful red wines . The breadth and number of varieties of muscat suggest that it is perhaps the oldest domesticated grape variety, and there are theories that most families within the Vitis vinifera grape variety are descended from the Muscat variety The grape's high sugar content can be fermented into levels of alcohol exceeding 15 percent. There are two major tender fruit and grape areas in Ontario. Oak-aged versions often develop buttery nuances, pear and apple flavours, and creamy textures – the perfect match to Digby Scallops or Atlantic Smoked Salmon. Rief Estates in Ontario makes a Kerner Nouveau. Crisp and clean, Seyval Blanc produces light to medium-bodied white wines with crisp citrus fruit aromas and flavours– has a sweet and clean bouquet reminiscent of pears and citrus fruit Buying Local Wine Makes a Difference. The late-ripening Lemberger probably originated in vineyards on the lower stretches of the Danube River. The Best Grapes to Grow for Eating. Gaspereau Vineyards is another Nova Scotia producer of Chardonnay along with their traditional method Chardonnay Brut sparkling wine. The vines are capable of carrying a large crop and are fruitful on a wide variety of soil types and locations. Auxerrois: (ox-er-wah) Produces a white table wine sometimes referred to as Pinto Auxerrios. However, due to its winter hardiness this grape variety is cultivated most extensively in Canada and in the north-eastern United States . This cultivar can carry a moderate crop load and benefits from canopy management and shoot positioning. In Ontario it is Viewpoint winery's most popular white. The juice has a spicy or lychee nut flavour. This large, blue skinned grape was bred in Geneva, New York. a variety of white grape (sp. 3rd year the vine keeps growing and will reach the top wire, select 2 strongest branches on each wire (trellis) to grow to opposite directions from the trunk. Cold hardy to about -22 C. It grows vigorously, producing a large canopy that is sprawling. It was created by Dr. Heinrich Birk (1898-1973) at the Geisenheim Grape Breeding Institute in 1929, by crossing the varieties Riesling and Silvaner , with the identification of Silvaner being somewhat uncertain. Agria is also known as Turan. Sauvignon BlancAn extremely precocious and vigorous cultivar in Ontario, even on sites of low vigor potential. a late ripping varietal with moderate winter hardiness Primary use is icewine. The need for fruit exposure is important, as skin colour can be hard to achieve some years, leading to light-coloured wines. You can load the map to see all places where to pick grapes in Ontario, ON for a better overview and navigation. Beaufort Estate-grown Leon Millot used in Blends. Gamay NoirAn interesting grape in Ontario as it can produce brilliant grapes one year and average grapes the following year. The name is derived from the French words for "pine" and "black" alluding to the grape variety's tightly clustered dark purple pine-cone shaped bunches of fruit. Due to its high acidity and fruitiness it is particularly suited to sweeter, dessert wines . MerlotThis cultivar is the most cold sensitive of the Bordeaux reds. GewürztraminerUnder Ontario conditions, this cultivar is widely recognized for its compact growth and dense canopies. another of the various clones of Pinot Noir, Auxerrois Blanc is a light white grape with qualities that range from neutrality to honey to asparagus, all dependent upon production method and oak aging. Zweigelt vines have made in roads in the Canadian wine regions of Ontario 's Niagara Peninsula and of British Columbia. Road 13 Vineyards also produces an Old Vine Chenin blanc. Their color ranges from white to near black. The style of wine produced from the grapes varies greatly according to where it is produced. traditional method (TM) sparkling wine and that L'Acadie is an appropriate grape. I am looking for information and resources on how to care for them. Only Ontario and British Columbia are capable of large-scale commercial production of tender fruit and wine grapes. Its high acidity makes it important in Cognac production. De Vine on Vancouver Island produces a Dornfelder wine- This early bud break leaves it prone to late spring frost injury. In addition to making red varietal wines, Mourvèdre is a prominent component in "GSM" blends where it is blended with Grenache and Syrah . Sugars similar to Riesling although the acids are usually much lower. A: It is possible to grow concord grapes here. This white cultivar has large conical clusters with medium-sized berries that take on a bronze hue as they ripen. The root system needs to grow and establish to allow for shoot growth in the first year. Sémillon, which is relatively easy to cultivate, consistently produces six to eight tons of grapes per acre from its vigorous vines. Grape Growers of Ontario - 210 Followers, 109 Following, 491 pins | The Grape Growers of Ontario represents all of Ontario's more than 500 farm families who are proud to GROW … It is relatively tolerant of most diseases and is used as a varietal table wine or blended with others to produce a classic red wine. It's often described as grassy or herbaceous , with notes of green fruit, such as gooseberry, Siegerrebe (literally "Victory vine" in German ) is a white wine grape that is grown primarily in Germany with some plantings in England , Washington State , and British Columbia 's North Okanagan . It is prone to infestation by the leaf-feeding form of phylloxera. Dornfelder : an immensely popular German red wine grape; a 1955 crossing of Helfensteiner (Frühburgunder × Trollinger) and Heroldrebe They proved the nay-sayers wrong. It has a small berry in a compact medium sized bunch that is tight and cylindrical in shape. Traditional European cultivars, including wine grapes, are Vitis vinifera. Muscat Ottonel is more cold-hardy than its relatives. Arrowleaf Cellars among the first planting 2 acres in 1999. Muscat v species Vitis vinifera is widely grown for wine , raisins and table grapes . It manages to produce high sugar levels in cold climates while maintaining good acid levels. Vitis vinifera ) which was created by Hermann Müller from the Swiss Canton of Thurgau in 1882. The grapes tend to have an inky dark color and robust tannins , and are known as one of the six grapes allowed in the blend of red Bordeaux wine . Herold was working at a plant breeding station in Lauffen in the Württemberg region of Germany . The wine produced from Vidal Blanc is fruity , with grapefruit and pineapple notes. Before you place any container of grapes into your grocery cart, keep an eye out for a few specific characteristics to ensure you’re getting the best-tasting ones. It grows vigorously, producing a large canopy that is sprawling. These include the blue Concord, the black The berries are blue in colour, medium size and produce a neutral-flavoured juice. It is moderately cold hardy and possesses long cylindrical clusters that remain loose. Frontenac Gris (pictured) makes a white wine with a peach and tropical fruit flavor. In Ontario, we grow more than 50 different varieties of wine grapes. Riesling is a white grape variety which originated in the Rhine region of Germany . wines , and performs best in cooler climates. Viognier wines are well known for their floral aromas, due to terpenes , which are also found in Muscat and Riesling wines. Muscat Ottonel or Muskat-Ottonel (in Germany ) is a white wine grape that is a member of the Muscat family of Vitis vinifera . Also keep the area under the grapes weed-whacked so that rain doesn’t splash up on the plants. The taste of the red wine depends on the ripeness of the grapes from which it is made. After planting, water the vines regularly throughout the first year. Quails' Gate Chenin Blanc has been served to numerous visiting Heads of State including President Obama and the future King and Queen of England, William and Kate. Pick your own (u-pick) grapes farms, patches and orchards in Ontario, ON. It is susceptible to mildew and, more recently, Erineum mites, but these are not a serious pest. The signature white grape of Nova Scotia. Pelee Island and Tawse in Ontario ar good producers. Is marked by a pale yellow colour and floral notes. In Ontario it is Viewpoint winery's most popular white. The variety is also used to make rosé and port-style fortified wines . Avondale Sky Winery produces a dessert wine called It produces a medium size cluster, conical in shape with a shoulder and having small green/yellow berries that are often sweet but may be low in acid balance. The berries are blue, medium size and produce a juice with an herbaceous flavour. The following are the largest commercial sellers. Marechal Foch (pronounced "mar-esh-shall-fosh"), is an inter-specific hybrid red grape variety. It is fairly resistant to disease, except for rot. It started as a single bud mutation of Frontenac, yielding gray (thus named gris) fruit and amber-colored juice. The fruit has a relatively neutral flavour and maintains its acid levels late into the year, making it a great cultivar for Icewine production. Many clones exist in commercial plantings, with the majority having small compact clusters, some with shoulders and small berries. Agria's chief attributes are its dark color, high vigour growth, cool climate friendly and ripens early with good sugar content. In addition there are thousands of hybrid varieties. is not only blessed with natural beauty that makes it a magnet for tourists, but it also has a mild climate and geography that makes it an ideal place for grape growing. This puts the grower into a perilous area. A particular clone 77F is known as the Muscat clone that makes the wine known as Chardonnay Musque. The conical clusters can be medium to large, which sometimes leads to uneven ripening of the fruit. The clusters are well filled to tight, conical in shape with a shoulder and medium size. Copyright © 2010 Grape Growers of Ontario. Your taste buds will find sweet grapefruit, green apple and a hint of honey. Baco NoirThis cultivar was bred by Francois Baco and released in 1902. Within each general type of grapevine, there are multiple species to choose from which … In particular, because of the tough outer skin of the fruit, it is well adapted for the production of icewine , especially in Ontario. Depending on the winemaker preference, this cultivar can be harvested from late September through mid to late October for table wine. There are three general types of grapes: American, European, and Muscadine grapes. The grapes won’t ripen off the vine, but a hard freeze will ruin them. Viticulture in Ontario is well established in Niagara and parts of southwestern Ontario. It is usually included in the "top three" white wine varieties together with Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc . It has a long growing season with harvest, most years, in mid to late October or later. He operates Ker Crop Management Services, an independent consulting firm specializing in education, training, advisory research and agricultural services. The fruit is thick-skinned and the bunches hang well. The Niagara Peninsula below the Niagara Escarpment is Ontario's largest and most important fruit-growing … Its high acidity means it can be used to make everything from sparkling wines to well-balanced dessert wines , although it can produce very bland, neutral wines if the vine's natural vigor is not controlled. It ripens in late October and is known for its “ bell pepper” taste and vegetal characteristics. It has tendency to carry a large crop and can benefit from crop thinning in years with excessive fruit set. When I was growing up, my best friend’s parents had two verities of grapes in their backyard, a deep purple grape and a tart green one ( I was young , what did I know about variety :D) . While public opinion suggested that vinifera grapes could not be grown in Ontario, several prescient growers thought otherwise. Marechal FochAn early-ripening grape, Marechal Foch matures in late August and early September. Growing the best seedless grape vines. The fruit produces a pigmented juice and has a noticeable herbaceous flavour. It is harvested in mid to late September. It is not uncommon to notice some spritz (fine bubbles on the inside of the glass), It accounts for about 8% of all grape production in BC it is on the increase Many other regions of the world produce this cultivar with a great range of aroma and flavour profiles. The grape has practical mild disease resistance to the common mildews and is relatively cold hardy to approximately -20c. ZweigeltrebeThis cultivar has found favour with some winemakers, especially when blended with Gamay Noir. Its growth habit leads to dense canopies and subsequent fruit rot at harvest if left unmanaged. It does well in Argentina. Red berry fruit flavors like raspberry predominate in wines from cooler areas. Niagara and SW Ontario are blessed with mild winters and hot summers. Created by French wine hybridizer Maurice Baco, it was at once commonly grown in France, but was heavily restricted for commercial use in 1951 by European Union regulations. Also found in Oregon, Petit Verdot is a variety of red wine grape , principally used in classic Bordeaux blends. The variety has high natural sugar and the wines are white and usually off-dry , with a flamboyant bouquet of lychees . ViognierRelatively new to Ontario, this cultivar is proving a challenge to grow as vines can display vigorous growth under good conditions and small vines under less favourable conditions. Frontenac blanc will be introduced in 2012 from white fruited mutations found in both Fronenac and Frontenac gris vines in Minnesota and Canada. It ripens about a week before Cabernet Sauvignon and can carry a crop load to full maturity that is 20% greater. Syrah is used as a varietal and is also blended. In Ontario, there are many clones of Chardonnay that provide a diverse flavour profile. 2. The Young Sangiovese has fresh fruity flavours of strawberry and a little spiciness, but it readily takes on oaky, even tarry, flavors when aged in barrels. Domaine de Grand Pré and Jost area top producer. These vines were pruned in early spring before growth started. With their decorative leaves, twining branches and hardy growing habits, grape vines provide visual interest in your garden throughout the year. Pinot BlancAnother in the pinot grouping that is sometimes referred to as “white” pinot noir. It produces small round berries that have a light red or pinkish colour in the skin. The fresh juice is noted for its vegetal or herbaceous flavours. Our Farm offers the most diverse hardy table grape selection in Canada...no excuses.....start growing "made in … Botrytis bunch rot can be a problem with this cultivar. It can be found in Quebec, comes from the same cross as Marechal Foch and Leon Millot. Following several years of strong planting, Syrah was estimated in 2004 to be the world's 7th most grown grape. Stratus is a producer. Its softness and "fleshiness", combined with its earlier ripening. and is often referred to as Spain's noble grape . It ripens late, so it needs hot, dry conditions such as those found in Spain , the south of France , and California. Léon Millot is a red variety of hybrid grape; it was created in 1911 in the Oberlin Institute in Colmar, Alsace , by the French viticulturist Eugène Kuhlmann (1858–1932) by crossing the hybrid grape Millardet et Grasset 101-14 O.P. The vines are capable of carrying a large crop and are fruitful on a wide variety of soil types and locations. Pinot Auxerrois Pinot Gris perhaps the most popular BC grape around 11% of all grapes panted in BC. The grape is hardy, early-ripening and disease resistant. It typically produces deep red varietal wines with smoky, bramble and earthy flavors, sometimes with notes of bananas and tropical fruit . Grown early in the 20th century to produce jug wines in California, toward the end of the 20th century Tempranillo enjoyed a renaissance there and throughout the world as a fine wine. Tasting notes bouquet of white peach, with a while round creamy mid-palate with hints of lime and ripe apricot. Sweet juicy long lasting finish. Grape vines grow best in warmer soil. It ripens mid-season and can bring very deep color, ample tannin , and a particular plum-like flavor component to add complexity to claret blends. It ripens early , is cold-hardy, is resistant to fungal diseases, but because of its small berry size is prone to bird injury. DNA fingerprinting revealed that it is genetically equivalent to the Croatian grapes Crljenak Kaštelanski and as well as Tribidrag the Primitivo variety traditionally grown in Puglia (the "heel" of Italy ), where it was introduced in the 18th century. This station belonged to a state breeding institute headquartered. Grenache (pronounced gren-aash ) is one of the most widely planted red wine grape varieties in the world. A somewhat similar cultivar, currently grown on the south island of New Zealand, is a variety named Breidecker. (which is Vitis riparia × Vitis rupestris ) with Goldriesling , which is Vitis vinifera . It is prone to powdery mildew and bunch rot. Annapolis Highland Vineyards. The subsequent growth of cottage wineries has reflected the boom in our grape and wine industry. As well, the time it takes from planting to harvest may vary depending on the variety you choose. This cultivar usually ripens in late September. Its name is the diminutive of the Spanish temprano ("early") a reference to the fact that it ripens several weeks earlier than most Spanish red grapes. Rotberger is a wine grape variety . This early bud break leaves it prone to late spring frost injury. This variety is said to be earlier ripening than Leon Millot, This variety is very disease resistant, similar to that of Foch, and cold hardy to about the same as Leon Millot -27c. It's not a wine for long lay-downs; it ages okay for a year or two but then starts to lose its luster. They need to be able to mature before the first frost hits. Indeed, Gewürztraminer and lychees share the same aroma compounds .Dry Gewürztraminer's may also have aromas of roses, passion fruit and floral notes. This is the Designated Viticultural Area (DVA) status. It is a very old cultivar , mentioned as long ago as the 15th century. 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